When Citibank launched E-Citi in 1997, Zullo joined as vice president of learning and professional development. The opportunity to create training for the new division, serving a new way of work and business, excited Zullo. "But it was also scary," he recalls. "A lot of these people aren't interested in training. So I had to instill a learning culture." And he had to work fast. "We measure things in Web years," he says, and he calculates that one Web year elapses in the span of three real-time months.
Only this year did Zullo and Peter Bellas, manager of technical training for E-Citi and Webmaster for the training site, begin seeing Web-based tech and soft-skills curricula that could span several geographical locations. "We looked less at content than at whether the technology could run on our network," says Bellas, in Marina Del Rey, Calif. "Initially, a lot of the organizations couldn't deliver over an intranet. But now more of them are pure HTTP, which means they work well in an intranet. It's a significant difference."
|Web training is an enhancement, not a replacement, to traditional instructor-led training. |
Another key goal for E-Citi's training was Web-based programs that could engage employees' attention without the notorious bandwidth hogging of full-motion video. That's exactly the alternative to which SkillSoft had been tailoring its programs. CD-packaged training courses take up anywhere from 400 to 600 megabytes, but SkillSoft aims to keep its programs to a svelte 6 or 7 megabytes, says vice president of marketing Jerry Nine. To keep students engaged by the still-frame sequences, interactive questions and exercises pop up every four to six screens.
Out of consideration for E-Citi's network infrastructure, Zullo chose video-less programs, but his preference for the SkillSoft programs and their use of audio came straight from his instruction experience. "Learning happens better when two to three senses are being touched or affected," he says. The technical classes do not include audio.
Zullo and Bellas shopped around and looked at technical curricula from a dozen training companies. Most showed a browser that relied on a physical connection to the server or they required client software to be installed on each PC--criteria that were ruled out given E-Citi's far-flung operations. E-Citi signed a contract with NETg in February 1999 and with SkillSoft in March.
After a painless installation, the new intranet training site and package of courses went live last April. Employees access the intranet by dialing through a proxy server over the Ethernet network to trunk lines. E-Citi serves both the SkillSoft and NETg software on a dual-processor Pentium II running Windows NT server, version 4. Bellas calls the $5,000 server set-up "pretty vanilla stuff."
Sit up and take note
Word of the training intranet has spread within Citibank's vast organization. Among the 100 or so hits the site takes in daily have been log-ons by trainers in other corners of the bank. On the prowl for new training options, Citibank training coordinators--some from as far away as Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, and Brazil--have been requesting access to E-Citi's new learning intranet.
|Lessons learned about intranet training |
| ||The demographics of your audience will determine how much use the training intranet gets. E-Citi's Web-based training architect, Austin Zullo, says the majority of Citibank employees logging on to the training intranet are young and just beginning their careers. "We're finding our more junior people are using it," he says. Senior staff are too "busy cutting deals and building Web sites. But for junior staff hungry to grow, this kind of training approach appeals to them. One thing I'm learning about this mode of learning is that there's a niche for it. There's an audience level that you need to appeal to." |
| ||Don't expect much cross- pollination. Easy-to-access classes aren't going to transform software developers into gifted communicators or marketing professionals into HTML wizards. In the first few months of E-Citi's training intranet, the technical staff is gravitating to the tech courses, and the nontech people are logging on to the soft-skills courses. |
| ||Web-based training is volume driven. The more employees accessing the training, the cheaper the training costs. |
Closer to home, Margaret Kelly, VP in the information services and technology department within the treasury department at the Citibank campus in Long Island City, N.Y., has clicked her way through "Communicating to Develop Relationships" and "Listening, Influencing, and Handling Tough Situations" from her desk. Only E-Citi employees have access to the intranet, so Kelly, who informally handles training for her department of 20 or so, asked for a password to take a look at what the site had to offer.
She was more impressed by the soft skill curriculum than by the tech courses she reviewed. "I like that you can go back and review--particularly if you realize you weren't paying attention," Kelly says of the self-taught courses. "I also liked that through the GUI, you can take a quiz and see how well you understand the subject." SkillSoft also keeps track of where students are in the program, an important assist for busy employees, she says. "Many, many times I'd have to leave and I wouldn't have a clue where I had left off. It tells you where you were and how you scored on the last test."
But Kelly agrees with Zullo that Web training is an enhancement, not a replacement to traditional instructor-led training. There's nothing like the classroom, it seems, to make an employee sit up straight and pay attention. "When you go to a class, you're forced to focus," says Kelly. Internet training relies on employees' ability to block time out. "A lot of times I'd be in the middle of a class and get pulled away. So it was an hour here, an hour there,'' she says. "It's not as intense as a class, and you don't get to ask questions or practice things with people you're in class with."
Zullo is still tinkering with E-Citi's e-learning environment, as he has termed it. The training intranet recently underwent its first revision: Course descriptions were tuned up and charts meant to show how the curriculums flowed--which proved confusing to viewers--were deleted. Zullo plans to add more classes as they become available. But he is convinced he's found the right way of conveying the importance of training to E-Citi employees. "If anyone in the bank should be playing with Web-based training, it should be those who are trying to make the Web a place to do business." //
Deborah Asbrand is a freelance writer who covers business and technology. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.