Wall Street Journal: For years, Chinese officials have discussed requiring ID for cellphone and Internet use, and now they are beginning to implement it. Currently, 87 percent of Chinese cellphone users have pre-paid accounts that don't require ID, but now new phone buyers will be required to provide their names and ID. A project to require all current phone users to register is also in the works.
Government officials say that the plan will cut down on spam and telecom fraud. However, others note that the move will make it more difficult for Chinese citizens to share politically sensitive information as well.