Potential backlash against artificial intelligence could come from several directions. First, if, as Forrester predicts, AI begins taking over some human jobs, it seems quite likely that some of those displaced workers will object, which could have political implications. In addition, many scientists, such as those associated with the Future of Life Institute have expressed concerns about the potential risks associated with artificial intelligence. Finally, enterprises and consumers may become dissatisfied with AI technology if it doesn't live up to the current hype. In its 2016 Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, Gartner places smart robots, cognitive expert advisors, machine learning and autonomous vehicles near the "peak of inflated expectations," meaning that several areas of AI are likely to enter a phase of disillusionment in the very near future.
Image Source: Gartner, July 2016